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Sources: Reputation of U.S. Gamblers as Criminals Bears Out in Europe

A New History of the Isle of Man Volume 5: The Modern Period, 1830-1999, Ed. John Belchem, Volume 5, Liverpool University Press, 2001, p. 268.

Gamblers’ Money, Wallace Turner, The New American Library Inc: New York, 1965.

Liverpool Echo and Evening Express (England), “Despicable Creatures Who Fled Isle of Man, Says Q.C.,” July 1, 1964.

Liverpool Echo and Evening Express (England), “Four Americans Gaoled in Isle of Man Casino Case,” July 2, 1964.

Rose Heilbron: The Story of England’s First Woman Queen’s Counsel and Judge, Hilary Heilbron, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2012, p. 247-250.

Taylor Francis Online, “The ‘Isle of Vice?’ Youth, Class and the Post-War Holiday on the Isle of Man,” Pete Hodson, Jul 16, 2018, p. 433-451,

The Guardian (London, England), “Police Call for Casino Check at 5 a.m.,” Dec. 16, 1963.

The Times (London, England), “Americans to Set Up Manx Casino,” March 21, 1963.