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Sources: 10 Intriguing Facts About Mobster/Gambler Allen Smiley

Horne, Gerald, Class Struggle in Hollywood, 1930-1950: Moguls, Mobsters, Stars, Reds, & Trade Unionists,” University of Texas Press: Austin, 2001.

Keve, Paul W., Prisons and the American Conscience: A History of U.S. Federal Corrections, Southern Illinois University Press, 1995.

Keve, Paul W., The McNeil Century: The Life and Times of an Island Prison, Nelson-Hall Inc.: Chicago, 1984, 213.

Los Angeles Times, “Bugsy Siegel One-Time Pal Divorced,” Jan. 18, 1962.

Murray, Roderick, et al., “Hepatitis Carrier State II: Confirmation of Carrier State by Transmission Experiments in Volunteers,” Journal of the American Medical Association 154, no. 13, 1954, 1072-74.

Smiley, Luellen, Cradle of Crime: A Daughter’s Tribute, CreateSpace Independent Publishing: 2017.

Los Angeles Times, “Smiley, Pal of Siegel, Indicted by U.S. Jury,” Jan. 15, 1948.

Wadman, Meredith, The Vaccine Race: Science, Politics, and the Human Costs of Defeating Disease, Viking: 2017.