Sources: Mrs. John Steinbeck’s Tale of Woe

Nevada State Journal, “Man’s Suicide Being Probed by Officers,” Oct. 26, 1948.

Nevada State Journal, “Probe in Suicide of Wealthy Denver Man Launched Here,” Oct. 27, 1948.

Nevada State Journal, “Wolff Suicide Case Probed by Coroner,” Oct. 29, 1948.

Nevada State Journal, “Author’s Wife Gets Decree,” Oct. 31, 1948.

Nevada State Journal, “Benningfield Will Sue for Gaming Debt,” Feb. 24, 1949.

Nevada State Journal, “Another Suit Results from Wolff Death,” March 15, 1949.

Nevada State Journal, “Benningfield Sues Bank for Gaming Debt,” March 18, 1949.

Nevada State Journal, “Gaming Debt Case Goes to Higher Court,” May 10, 1949.

Nevada State Journal, “Gambling Debts Not Collectible,” Jan. 18, 1950.

Oakland Tribune, “Wife of John Steinbeck Recalls ‘Blacking Out’ on Fatal Gambling Spree,” Oct. 27, 1948.

Reno Evening Gazette, “Leonard Wolff is Found Dead,” Oct. 23, 1948.

Reno Evening Gazette, “Gunshot Wound Cause of Death,” Nov. 6, 1948.

Reno Evening Gazette, “Gambling Debts Not Declarable Judge Declares,” April 22, 1949.

Reno Evening Gazette, “Gambling Debt Case Studied by Higher Court,” Nov. 3, 1949.

The Bakersfield Californian, “Mrs. Steinbeck to Testify on Reno Mystery Death,” Oct. 27, 1948.